- The Earth
Atmosphere and layers. Orbit of Earth and Tilt of the axis. Everyday phenomenon - Rising and Setting of Sun and Other Stars. Yearly phenomenon - seasonal variation.
- The Moon
Phases of the moon, Tides, Formation of the moon, Major Lunar missions.
- The Solar System
Sun, Planets, Asteroids, Comets, Dwarf planets - Major features. Our nearest stars, Our galaxy, Local Group of Galaxy, Large Scale Structure of the Universe
- Astrophysics of stars
Sun- Energy source, Structure and Evolution. Stellar Evolution of high mass Stars - Supernova, Neutron stars and Black holes
- Measurement in astrophysics
Distance Measurement – Cosmic Distance Ladder, Velocity – Dopler effect, Red and Blue Shifts, Chemical Composition – Dispersion and Spectra.
Hubble's law - Expanding Universe, Big Bang, Cosmic Microwave Background and Dark Energy
- Space missions
Types of space missions- Fly-by, Impactor, Lander, Rover etc with Important Examples Types of satellites - by its orbit and by its use with important examples. Major space missions and satellites
Types of telescopes - Based on technology and based on observing wavelength
Space Telescopes - Major Space Telescopes
Neutrino observatories, Gravitational wave observatories, and cosmic ray observatories
Major observatories on earth.
- History of Space Exploration
Important Space Missions- Manned Missions, Unmanned Missions. Important Space Agencies, Space Spin-offs.